Hyperbaric oxygen therapy(HBOT)is a treatment where patient breathes pure oxygen while enclosed in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber at a pressure greater than one atmosphere,relying on oxygen's physical,chemical, and physiological effects to achieve the goal of treating diseases.
Under normal circumstances , oxygen is transported throughout the body only by red blood cells. With HBOT,oxygen is dissolved into all of the body's fluids,plasma,central nervous system,bones and the lymph,and can be carried to areas where circulation is diminished or blocked.In this way,extra oxygen can reach all damaged tissue and the body can support its own healing process.The increased oxygen greatly enhances the ability of white blood cells to kill bacteria,reduces swelling and allows new blood vessels to grow more rapidly into the affected areas.
TREATABLE DISEASES OF HBOT
1.Disease caused by bubbles
● Decompression sickness
●Boiling blood (diving, iatrogenic, accidental)
●Acute carbon monoxide poisoning
3.Acute ischemic state
●Dangerous skin flap
●Osteofascial compartment syndrome
●Blood circulation disorder after amputation (finger, toe)surgery
●Hemorrhagic shock that cannot be solved with blood transfusion